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Develop Innovative Energy & Environmental Devices using Atom-scale Nanotechnologies!

MIZUTA Lab.
Professor:MIZUTA Hiroshi

E-mail:
[Research areas]Graphene sensor/switch, phonon engineering
[Keywords]NEMS, single molecular sensing, atom-scale fabrication, quantum devices, ab initio simulation

Skills and background we are looking for in prospective students

Understanding of fundamentals is required for at least one of the following: solid state physics, quantum chemistry, semiconductor devices, electrical or mechanical engineering. Students with curiosity, intellectual open-mindedness and interests in working in truly international research group are particularly welcome.

What you can expect to learn in this laboratory

Atomic layer material science such as graphene, h-BN, MoS2 and single-nanometer fabrication technology to develop single-molecular-level environmental sensors, ultra-low-power nano-electro-mechanical (NEM) switches, nanoscale thermal devices and quantum functional devices. Students will learn state-of-the-art technologies such as (1) Electron Beam lithography, Helium ion beam patterning technology and nano-device fabrication processes, (2) Environmentally-controlled 5 - 500 K DC and RF probe stations, dilution refrigerator, Electrical characteristic measurements and (3) multi-scale simulation techniques.

【Job category of graduates】
ICT, manufacturing equipment, precision measurement instruments companies and National research and development agency .

Research outline


Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of GNEM single molecular
sensing, (b) temporal signal of individual CO2
molecule adsorption, (c) schematic of GNEM
switch and (d) observed abrupt switching.


Fig.2 (a) A schematic of nano pore
patterning with He+ ion beam and
(b) an example of fabricated GPnC.


Fig. 3 (a) An AFM image of a graphene SCT and
(b) observed Coulomb diamond characteristics

Jointly with Dr Manoharan M., we run an international research group aiming at developing innovative functional devices using graphene and other atomic layer materials. Particularly, we focus on the following research topics:

1) Graphene Nanoelectromechanical (GNEM) sensor and switch devices:

Based on remarkable electronic and mechanical properties of graphene, we develop novel GNEM devices for challenging applications. GNEM sensors enable to detect a single CO2 molecule adsorption [1] as well as zeptogram (10-21 g) order mass change. These sensors are now applied for ppb-level environmental and body gas monitoring. GNEM switches feature very abrupt sub-thermal switching (S < 60 mV/dec) at room temperature [2] with low switching voltage. These switches enable remarkable reduction of power consumption of ICs and sensor circuits towards zero power systems.

2) Single-nanometer fabrication technique and nanoscale heat phonon engineering

We develop new atom-scale fabrication technique to curve graphene into single-nanometer (< 10 nm) nanostructures by using focused helium ion beam. Arrays of pores of 3 – 4 nm in diameter are patterned to fabricate graphene phononic crystals (GPnC) [3] to control heat phonon in the sub – few THz regime. This will enable to control thermal transport at relatively low temperature (< 200°C).

3) Quantum functional devices

We study carbon based nanomaterials and quantum devices such as single-carrier transistors (SCTs), NV centers in diamond towards quantum information processing and graphene-based tunnel field effect transistors (GTFET). We study the operation mechanism and their performance limits experimentally and multi-scale simulations (first-principles and device level).

Key publications

  1. J. Sun, M. Muruganathan, and H. Mizuta, ʻRoom temperature detection of individual molecular physisorption using suspended bilayer graphene’, Science Advances 2(4), e1501518 (2016)
  2. 1. N. H. Van, M. Muruganathan, J. Kulothungan, and H. Mizuta, Fabrication of a three-terminal graphene nanoelectromechanical switch using two-dimensional materials. In press for Nanoscale (2018).
  3. M. E. Schmidt, T. Iwasaki, M. Muruganathan, M. Haque, H. Van Ngoc, S. Ogawa and H. Mizuta, ʻStructurally Controlled Large-Area 10 nm Pitch Graphene Nanomesh by Focused Helium Ion Beam Milling’, in press for ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2018)

Teaching policy

We explore a variety of emerging nanotechnologies for 'More-than-Moore' and 'Beyond CMOS' era. We warmly welcome young scientists seeking an active international research environment and innovative atomistic scale devices research.

[Website] URL:http://www.jaist.ac.jp/ms/labs/mizuta-lab/english/index.html

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