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Explore management fostering innovation and Aim to be a creative and innovative talent.

KANG Laboratory
Associate Professor:KANG, Rihyei

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[Research areas]
Business studies, innovation, entrepreneurship, business creativity
[Keywords]
Innovative management, creative industry/urban policy, immigrant entrepreneurs, family business, business model construction, regional venture, business plan

Skills and background we are looking for in prospective students

We do not require particular specialties or majors, but welcome those who are willing to challenge, have a mindset of using failure as nourishment when failed, and wish to acquire such mindset. You are required to engage in research with an intention to raise yourself as a creative and innovative talent through research activities.

What you can expect to learn in this laboratory

Our laboratory aims to foster autonomy, various experience and knowledge of students, since from research and education so far, we realized that (1) people working autonomously are required in society today and (2) various experience and knowledge are needed for exerting creativity in working places or social lives. Specifically, through research activities, we want you to have autonomous behavior for planning and executing your projects, basic methodology of both qualitative and quantitative, and ability of executing the methodology. we also welcome various backgrounds and values and keep a diverse environment where you can brush up yourself. we wish you to have various experiences through collaboration with various people. In addition, we provide many opportunities of collaboration with people and companies outside JAIST, and support challenges to business contests.

【Job category of graduates】 Entrepreneur, Business planner, Family Business Successor, Researcher, etc.

Research outline

We have interest in the fields of entrepreneurship and innovation, especially various themes related with “business creativity” such as (1) industries, economies and regional developments whose source of competitive power is creativity, (2) the way workers make innovations by exerting their creativity. Moreover, we develop these interests into the studies of (1) immigrant entrepreneurs, (2) family business, (3) creative industry management, creative economy and regional management.

(1) Immigrant entrepreneurs

Recently “immigrants” seem to be referred in a negative context stating that they hinder economic activities or steal jobs of citizens. Some large-scale business surveys, however, denied it and showed positive effects of immigrants.
In 2013, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), a worldwide entrepreneur survey, presented findings that immigrants boosted economies of immigration destinations and originations, and (culturally) tolerant environment suitable for immigrants’ starting businesses enhanced competitive power and led to economic development of the region. Based on the survey, we have explored characteristics, business starting processes, success factors of immigrant entrepreneurs (including Japanese entrepreneurs who had stayed overseas and started businesses after returning to Japan) mainly with qualitative surveys.
If success models of immigrant entrepreneurs are found, they can be helpful for not only foreigners in Japan, but also people exploring innovations under difficult situations, or Japanese aiming to start businesses overseas. Various people will come to Japan for business as globalization progresses. We hope my research contribute to beneficial collaboration with them.

(2) Family business

Japan is said to have the largest numbers of family businesses (FB) and long-running companies. FB requires competition strategies, which make tradition and innovation go together, and family and business live together. Making tradition and innovation go together is a dilemma related with business creativity. Although FB has a negative image of “family management,” recent researches revealed its positive facets stated below.
High earning power and continuous growth thanks to rapid decision making.
Substantial contribution to a local community due to community-based management
Great employee satisfaction and good working conditions enabled by family management

Taking them in consideration, Prof. Kang joined the world-famous FB research consortium, STEP lead by Babson College, U.S., and have conducted research of the process of business inheritance to own children cooperating with domestic and foreign FB companies.

(3) Creative industry management, creative economy and regional management

Florida (2000, 2002, 2008) insisted that “it is ‘the fourth industry’ or a creative industry and its workers that sustains the future world economy and regional economies, and produces innovations.” Based on her prospective of innovation management, we have conducted research on management and competitive strategies proper for creative industry, creative urban policies and their effects, the process of producing innovations at the region by the creative urban policy, the effects of raising innovative entrepreneurs, and so on.
Our ultimate goal is to measure the effects of a creative city policy with a “creative city index,” which requires continuous development of sub-indices. At present, we’re engaging in development of a scale measuring a creative network from the degree of satisfaction and the strength of various bonds among residents in a creative city policy region.

Key publications

  1. R.Kang, H.Higashide, “Management that Enhances Performance of Workers in Creative Industries -From the Perspectives of Creativity, Working Environment and Tolerance-”, Journal of Japan Creativity Society, vol. 21, pp.76-97, 2018.
  2. R.Kang, T.Kawaji, “Entrepreneurial Activities and Residential Networks of Creative Areas in Japan and Korea”, Journal of Japanese Management vol.1, pp.15-34, 2016.
  3. R.Kang, “Innovation-Oriented Leadership of Managers and Creativity of Employees – from a perspective of business study characteristics of a creative industry,” Journal of Japan Creativity Society, vol. 17, pp.112-130, 2014.

Equipment

Software
Statistical analysis software SPSS and so on.

Teaching policy

We believe that students should have abilities of living their lives with their own powers, and creating new valuable mechanisms by exerting their powers no matter how the future changes since we cannot predict it accurately. Such abilities require different ability, imagination, which arises from experiencing various values, acquiring knowledge and experience. Our laboratory is a place providing various values, knowledge and experience, and support you to refine your research questions and work on your research project autonomously through learning various research methods with others.

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