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Researcher Dr. ZHANG received Young Researchers' Award in ISSS-9

Researcher Dr. ZHANG, Jiaqi (Oshima Lab of Applied Physics Area) received Young Researchers' Award in The 9th International Symposium on Surface Science (ISSS-9).

ISSS is organized by The Japan Society of Vacuum and Surface Science (JVSS) every three years. About 500 researchers in the field of surface science and nanoscience from Japan and overseas participate in this conference, and it is known internationally for the award ceremony of the Heinrich Rohrer Medal (Dr. Heinrich Rohrer has won the Nobel Prize in 1986 for the design of the scanning tunneling microscope).
ISSS-9 was held online on November 28 - December 1, 2021.

■Date Awarded
December 1, 2021

■Title
Mechanical properties of Pt atomic chains measured by TEM coupled with a quartz resonator

■Authors
〇Jiaqi Zhang1, Masahiko Tomitori1, Toyoko Arai2, Kenta Hongo1, Ryo Maezono1 and Yoshifumi Oshima1
1) Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
2) Kanazawa University

■Abstract
Monatomic chains have shown unique physical and chemical properties, which draws a different picture from their bulk counterparts. It has been reported that the electrical or magnetic properties can be tuned by controlling the length of the atomic chains, which indicate that the mechanical properties is very important for their applications. However, the mechanical properties of atomic chains have not been clarified experimentally. To solve this problem, we developed an in-situ TEM holder equipped with a quartz resonator as force sensor to measure the mechanical properties of atomic chains when observing their atomic configurations.
A quartz length-extension resonator (LER) was used to measure the stiffness of platinum (Pt) monatomic chains from its frequency shift. Because the stiffness of the atomic chain suspended between the edge of LER and the fixed counter base can be measure precisely with very small oscillation amplitude (about 30 pm). The atomic resolution TEM images and videos were captured simultaneously with measuring the conductance and stiffness by our developed TEM holder.
The stiffness of atomic chains with 2-5 atoms were obtained. By subtracting the stiffness of the electrodes supporting the monatomic chain from the measured stiffness, we found that the stiffness of a Pt monatomic chain varied with the number of the constitute atoms in the chain. We investigated the stiffness of about 150 Pt monatomic chains for reproducibility and confirmed that the middle bond stiffness (25N/m) in the chain was slightly higher than that of the bond connect to the suspending tip (23N/m). In addition, the maximum elastic strain of individual bond in the chain was as large as 24%. These values were obviously different from the bulk counterpart. Such peculiar values could be briefly explained by the concept of "string tension".

■Comment
I'm incredibly honored with Young Researchers' Award in ISSS-9. First, I would express my appreciation to the organizer of this symposium for providing us the opportunity to share and discuss our researches. Importantly, I would describe my gratitude to Prof. Oshima, Prof. Tomitori, Prof. Arai, for their precious support. And I am also grateful to Oshima-LAB members for their kind encouragement. This award is an essential motivation for me to further research and contribute to nanoscience community.

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January 12, 2022

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